Peripheral angioplasty and stenting is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to your legs, arms, abdomen and head. Fatty deposits can build up inside the arteries and block blood flow.
A stent is a small, metal mesh tube that keeps the artery open.
Angioplasty and stent placement are two ways to open blocked peripheral arteries.
Arteries carry blood to all parts of the body. Blood flow can be reduced or stopped by plaque that narrows arteries. Plaque is a build-up of cholesterol, fat, and calcium. Over time plaque narrows your arteries. Narrowed arteries can be in the neck, arms, legs, and abdomen. Blockages are dangerous because a stroke, kidney problems, or high blood pressure may result if the condition is left untreated.
Just as chest pain or angina may signal a heart attack, pain in the thigh, calf, and/or buttocks with walking or other activities may signal a lack of blood flow to the legs. The pain usually goes away when resting. Constant cold feet, loss of pulse in the legs or feet, and shiny skin are a few of the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
PAD is associated with heart disease and compounds your risk of stroke. Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, dangerously high cholesterol, and family history are directed related to the onset of PAD.
Peripheral angioplasty and stenting procedures can help restore the blood flow to affected arteries in the arms or legs.