Lung cancer is a common form of cancer. It does not mean one’s condition is terminal. Many forms of lung cancer can be treated.
The most effective treatment for lung cancer is often a surgical “resection” or removal of the cancer. This operation removes the cancer and the part of the lung around the cancer. The type of surgery depends on where the cancer is located in the lung and the size of the tumor.
If only a small part of the diseased lung is needed to be removed, it is called a segmental or wedge resection. When a surgeon has to remove an entire lobe of the lung, the procedure is called a lobectomy. A pneumonectomy means the entire right or left lung is removed. The tissue removed during the operation is examined under a microscope by a pathologist. The pathology report will help you and your medical team decide if further treatment is needed.
As an alternative to surgery, radiation therapy, combined with chemotherapy may be used. Radiation therapy may be used before surgery to shrink a tumor, or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that remain after surgery. Chemotherapy may be used in conjunction with surgery in more advanced stages of the disease to help kill cancer cells.