Narrowing of your heart valve(s) can be managed at times with medications if the symptoms are mild. However, if symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, rapid weight gain, weakness, dizziness, swelling in the ankles, feet and/or abdomen (edema), and/or an irregular heartbeat result as the narrowing becomes more severe, a balloon valvuloplasty may be performed.
A balloon valvuloplasty is a non-surgical procedure that opens a stenosis (narrowing) in a heart valve to improve blood flow. This procedure can be performed on the mitral, tricuspid, aortic, or pulmonary valves in your heart. A balloon valvulotomy may relieve many of your symptoms for up to ten years, but it will not cure valve disease. Medications, even after a successful procedure, may be needed.