Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US, but vascular disease outside the heart causes almost as much death and disability as heart disease, and more than any cancer.The vascular laboratory now offers a vascular screening exam for the detection of arterial disease. This examination consists of three components:
- Abdominal aortic evaluation to determine the presence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
- Carotid artery duplex evaluation to determine the presence of significant carotid artery blockage.
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD) via ankle/brachial indices to determine the presence of significant arterial blockage in the legs.
This examination is an optional screening procedure that is not reimbursable by insurance plans. It is not related to any other vascular examination, screening or complete evaluation, which may be payable by insurance, Medicare or other third-party payers.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
- Vascular disease can cause aneurysms of the aorta, the main artery of the body.
- Aortic aneurysms are the 10th leading cause of death in men over 50.
- Nearly 15,000 people die each year in this country from rupture of an aortic aneurysm.
- More than 700,000 people in this country have an undiagnosed aneurysm.
Aortic Scan – is an ultrasound scan of the aorta, the body’s main artery. The scan can tell how big the aneurysm is and when it needs treatment.
Carotid artery disease
- Vascular disease can block the carotid arteries to the brain and cause paralyzing strokes.
- Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the U.S.
- Stroke is the leading cause of disability; our country annually spends more than $50 billion on care of stroke patients.
Carotid Scan – consists of a quick carotid duplex ultrasound scan and a blood pressure check for severe hypertension. These exams can detect the most frequent causes of stroke – significant internal carotid artery stenosis.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- Poor circulation in the legs can cause serious disability or lead to amputation.
- This is especially common in smokers and people with diabetes.
- Up to 20 percentof people over 70 years of age have peripheral arterial disease.
PAD Scan – A Doppler exam for PAD can quickly determine if there is any impairment in the circulation to the limbs. The exam can identify blockages in the leg arteries and tell how severe the blockage is and whether treatment is needed.